The purpose of this section is to guide you how to install and setup Cacti on Ubuntu 14.04.
Cacti and all of its dependencies can by installed through apt-get on Ubuntu 12.04 or later.
If you have not set up lamp server, you need install them:
sudo apt-get install lamp-server^
$sudo apt-get -y install rrdtool
The snmpd service should be installed and configured on the servers you would like to graph. In this guide, we will only be graphing the localhost where cacti is installed.
$sudo apt-get -y install snmp snmpd
$sudo apt-get -y install cacti
We will also install cacti-spine, which is a faster way to poll servers for information than the default php script.
$sudo apt-get -y install cacti-spine
You can access http://ip/cacti after installation, the first login, the default account and password are “admin”.
The snmpd daemon must be configured to work with Cacti. The configuration file is located at “/etc/snmp/snmpd.conf”. Make sure you are editing the snmpd.conf file and not the snmp.conf file.
$sudo vim /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf
# Listen for connections from the local system only agentAddress udp:127.0.0.1:161 # Listen for connections on all interfaces (both IPv4 *and* IPv6) #agentAddress udp:161,udp6:[::1]:161
If you want to enable remote access, you should comment out the line for “connections from the local system only” and uncomment the line for 59 listening for “connections on all interfaces”.
view all included .1 80
Change the following line:
rocommunity public default -V systemonly
rocommunity secret default -V all
You can add the physical location of your server and a contact email. These may be helpful for distinguishing machines if you are monitoring a large number of cloud servers.
sysLocation Your System Location sysContact firstname.lastname@example.org
After you are done with your modifications, save the file, exit and restart the snmpd service.
$sudo service snmpd restart
In the General tab, we want to change some parameters. Change these settings to match what is shown here. Click “Save” when finished.
SNMP Version: Version 2 SNMP Community: secret
In Console->Cacti Settings->Poller, Change the poller Type from comd.php to spine.
Whenever the Poller Interval is changed, the cache must be emptied. To do this, click “System Utilities” under the Utilities heading on the left-hand navigation panel.Click on “Rebuild Poller Cache” to empty the cache.
For Ubuntu 12.04 or later, the default MIBs is not enabled, you will need to install MIBs.
$snmpwalk -On -c public -v 2c localhost HOST-RESOURCES-MIB::hrSystemProcesses.0 MIB search path: /home/edwin/.snmp/mibs:/usr/share/snmp/mibs:/usr/share/snmp/mibs/iana:/usr/share/snmp/mibs/ietf:/usr/share/mibs/site:/usr/share/snmp/mibs:/usr/share/mibs/iana:/usr/share/mibs/ietf:/usr/share/mibs/netsnmp Cannot find module (HOST-RESOURCES-MIB): At line 1 in (none) HOST-RESOURCES-MIB::hrSystemProcesses.0: Unknown Object Identifier
So, run the following:
$sudo apt-get install snmp-mibs-downloader
Edit the /etc/snmp/snmp.conf (Not snmpd.conf), Comment out the following line:
Reboot snmp and test it:
$sudo /etc/init.d/snmpd restart $snmpwalk -On -c public -v 2c localhost HOST-RESOURCES-MIB::hrSystemProcesses.0 .22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.6.0 = Gauge32: 130