How to setup .bashrc for new user on Ubuntu

    Accoring to the bash man page, The .bashrc is executed for interactive non-login shells. What is a non-login shell. If you have already logged into your linux and open a new terminal window inside GNOME/KDE, then the .bashrc is executed before the windows command prompt. .bashrc is also run when you start a new bash instance by typing /bin/bash in a terminal. But, it can not work when you login via ssh remotely.

    Howto setup .bashrc

    If the file named “.bashrc” on the user home directory is not existed after you add a new user on Ubuntu, you should follow the steps by steps to configure it.

    Copy “.bashrc” from other user`s home directory

    $sudo cp /root/.bashrc ~/
    

    Test this file is work or not

    $source ~/.bashrc
    

    But when you login via SSH from remote linux or shell client, the .bashrc as a no-login shell configration can not be executed. So, we need the following steps to fix this problem.

    Enable it automatically when you login by SSH

    According to the bash man page, .bash_profile is executed for login shells. It means when you login via ssh, .bash_profile is executed to configurae your shell before the initial command prompt.

    $vim ~/.bash_profile
    

    Then, add the following lines to .bash_profile:

    if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
    	. ~/.bashrc
    fi
    

    Now when you login to your machine from a console .bashrc will be called.

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